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9 Things to Know About the History of Juneteenth

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Postby Fezil В» 08.09.2019

In the 1860 census of Chas.

Juneteenth , also known as Freedom Day [1] or Juneteenth independence day , is an American holiday that commemorates the June 19, , announcement of the abolition of slavery in Texas , and more generally the emancipation of enslaved African Americans throughout the former Confederate States of America , outside Native American lands.

Texas was the most remote of the slave states , and the Emancipation Proclamation of January 1, , was not enforced there until after the Confederacy collapsed.

The name of the observance is a portmanteau of "June" and "nineteenth", the date of its celebration. At first celebration involved church-centered community gatherings in Texas. It spread across the South and became more commercialized between in the s and s. Often the centerpiece was a food festival.

A third stage was reached in the Civil Rights movement of the s, when the focus became the story of struggle for postwar civil rights. The s saw a fourth stage, which returned the focus to African American freedom and arts. By the 21st century Juneteenth was celebrated in most major cities across the United States. Observance is primarily in local celebrations. It declared that all enslaved persons in the Confederate States of America in rebellion and not in Union hands were to be freed.

This excluded the five states known later as border states , which were the four "slave states" not in rebellion — Kentucky, Maryland, Delaware, and Missouri — and those counties of Virginia soon to form the state of West Virginia , and also the three zones under Union occupation: the state of Tennessee , lower Louisiana , and Southeast Virginia.

More isolated geographically, Texas was not a battleground, and thus the people held there as slaves were not affected by the Emancipation Proclamation unless they escaped.

The news of General Robert E. Lee's surrender on April 9 reached Texas later in the month. The people of Texas are informed that, in accordance with a proclamation from the Executive of the United States, all slaves are free. This involves an absolute equality of personal rights and rights of property between former masters and slaves, and the connection heretofore existing between them becomes that between employer and hired labor.

The freedmen are advised to remain quietly at their present homes and work for wages. They are informed that they will not be allowed to collect at military posts and that they will not be supported in idleness either there or elsewhere.

Formerly enslaved people in Galveston rejoiced in the streets after the announcement, although in the years afterward many struggled to work through the changes against resistance of whites. The following year, freedmen organized the first of what became the annual celebration of Juneteenth in Texas. Across parts of Texas, freed people pooled their funds to purchase land to hold their celebrations, such as Houston 's Emancipation Park , Mexia 's Booker T.

Washington Park, and Emancipation Park in Austin. Although the date is sometimes referred to as the "traditional end of slavery in Texas" it was given legal status in a series of Texas Supreme Court decisions between and In the early 20th century, economic and political forces led to a decline in Juneteenth celebrations. From to , Texas and all former Confederate states passed new constitutions or amendments that effectively disenfranchised black people , excluding them from the political process.

White-dominated state legislatures passed Jim Crow laws imposing second-class status. The Great Depression forced many black people off farms and into the cities to find work.

In these urban environments, African Americans had difficulty taking the day off to celebrate. By the s and s, the Civil Rights Movement focused the attention of African-American youth on the struggle for racial equality and the future, but many linked these struggles to the historical struggles of their ancestors.

Ralph Abernathy , many attendees returned home and initiated Juneteenth celebrations in areas where the day was not previously celebrated. Since the s and s, the holiday has been more widely celebrated among African-American communities. In a group of community leaders gathered at Christian Unity Baptist Church in New Orleans, Louisiana to work for greater national celebration of Juneteenth.

Although the holiday is still mostly unknown outside African-American communities, it has gained mainstream awareness through depictions in entertainment media, such as episodes of TV series Atlanta [20] and Black-ish , [21] the latter of which featured musical numbers about the holiday by Aloe Blacc , The Roots , [22] and Fonzworth Bentley.

In , Texas was the first state to establish Juneteenth as a state holiday under legislation introduced by freshman Democratic state representative Al Edwards. By , nearly half of US states observed the holiday as a ceremonial observance. In the first legislation to recognize "Juneteenth Independence Day" was introduced in the U. House of Representatives, H.

In the U. Senate passed Senate Resolution , acknowledging Lula Briggs Galloway late president of the National Association of Juneteenth Lineage who "successfully worked to bring national recognition to Juneteenth Independence Day", and the continued leadership of the National Juneteenth Observance Foundation. Organizations such as the National Juneteenth Observance Foundation are seeking a Congressional designation of Juneteenth as a national day of observance.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Holiday commemorating the abolition of slavery in Texas on June 19, For other uses, see Juneteenth disambiguation.

United States portal Texas portal. Retrieved June 27, Black Voice News. June 22, Archived from the original on January 22, Retrieved June 19, Siempre listos para partir".

El Universal in Spanish. September 19, Retrieved July 31, Time magazine. Retrieved May 30, Originally posted on The Root. Retrieved September 30, Texas State Library and Archives Commission. Retrieved July 6, Southwestern Historical Quarterly. University of North Carolina Press. New York: Random House. June 19, News One. Retrieved April 28, Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved June 18, ABC News. ABC Television Network.

Washington Post. Texas Monthly. Retrieved October 11, United States Congress. Fox News. Holidays, observances, and celebrations in the United States. Day federal. Super Bowl Sunday. Mardi Gras. Saint Patrick's Day religious Spring break week.

Easter religious. Father's Day Independence Day federal. Summer vacation. Labor Day federal. Columbus Day federal Halloween. Veterans Day federal Thanksgiving federal. Christmas religious, federal New Year's Eve. Texas in the American Civil War.

History of slavery in Texas. Ordinance of Secession. Battle of Laredo. Confederate units Union units. Juneteenth Texas v. White Andrew Hamilton. Hidden categories: CS1 Spanish-language sources es CS1 errors: dates Articles with short description Use mdy dates from June Infobox holiday fixed day All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from June Namespaces Article Talk.

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Re: junteenth

Postby Mujin В» 08.09.2019

Arts Performance. Siempre listos para partir". In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Observance is primarily in local celebrations. Visitor Feedback.

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Re: junteenth

Postby Vora В» 08.09.2019

Black soldiers were able to fight for the Union when Lincoln passed junteenth Proclamation. Skills of art, life, beauty and family Crushed by junteenth we knew nothing of, we rose. Most of the festivities found themselves out in rural areas around rivers and creeks that could provide for additional activities such as fishinghorseback riding and barbecues. Many continue to celebrate Juneteenth years later. Junteenth it is estimated as many as 27 million people around the world are victims of modern slavery.

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Re: junteenth

Postby Melkree В» 08.09.2019

The White House. Many slave http://distposabor.tk/review/table-border.php from outside the Lone Star State viewed it as a safe haven junteenth moved there with junteenth slaves. Sign Up. El Universal in Spanish. All of which, or neither of these version could be true.

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